Powojnik — Clematis spp.
Large-flowered clematis are of the greatest interest among such vines. Indeed - no one passes by these plants in full bloom indifferently. Their great, silky flowers captivate with their intense, pure colors, and they are still decorated with long ones, bright stamens. Jackman's clematis is the most popular (Clematis jackmanii). It grows up to 2-3 m and has dark blue or purple flowers, diameter 8-10 cm, seated on long ones, thin stalks and covering the plant from top to bottom. There are also varieties with white and carmine flowers. Several large-flowered hybrids were obtained by multiple crossing (diameter to 15 cm) differing mainly in colors, which are pure blue, pink, Red, especially purple in all shades. Often the petals are slightly striped or veined, darker underneath and slightly hairy.
These clematis can grow in average soil, except very heavy, wetland, However, they bloom best in fertile and humus regions. Places under them should be fertilized with rotten manure or compost (plain or made of deacidified peat).
Although these clematis come from the south, cannot stand too much sunlight and must be planted near the south-east or south-west wall of the gazebo. Pergolas, trellises and gates, on which the clematis looks great, they should also be slightly shaded at noon. It is not so much about the sensitivity of plants to the sun's rays during the growing season, how much to avoid large temperature fluctuations in the early spring. Regular and abundant watering is very important, because the clematis cannot stand drought.
Clematis climbs with the help of petioles, which wrap around the supports, but in large-flowered hybrids this ability is underdeveloped, so you have to tie them in a few places to the support with a soft string or raffia (especially young copies).
The greatest concern is the low frost resistance of clematis. Substantially, These plants tolerate harsh winters poorly and grow best in the warmer part of the country - the west and south-west. Usually, however, sufficient protection is provided by a peat mound around the root of the shoot, compost or soil mixed with leaves. If the shoots freeze, they can be trimmed low to the ground (just like perennials), and the plant will bear new, which will bloom in the same year, because flowers are formed on this year's shoots. Most large-flowered clematis are pruned according to the rules applicable to group I shrubs.