Trellises and pergolas are among the most interesting elements of garden architecture. Their meaning is different. Most often they are built to shade specific places, which is achieved either by planting various climbing plants next to these elements and spreading over them, or by using shading elements, in the right arrangement.
Most often, trellises and pergolas are built next to walking routes, squares, on terraces, etc.. They can be important elements linking various types of architectural structures with the garden. That is why they are very often built in close proximity to buildings. It is also advantageous to locate trellises and pergolas in the vicinity of various garden tanks, where they not only improve the conditions of rest, but they create a very interesting artistic setting.
Trellises and pergolas are made as very light structures. A trellis usually consists of columns supporting one or two horizontal beams, on which there are mounted crossbars of various lengths and shapes. Various types of gratings can be attached to the trellis posts, on which climbing plants stretch. Such bars show the decorative value of plants well, and moreover, they can form windbreaks, viewing partitions, etc.. Trellises are usually built on the edges of garden paths in conjunction with places intended for placing benches. The direction of the trellis arrangement in relation to the directions of the world may be different. Due to the use of places of rest at different times of the year and in different weather conditions, trellises in a given area should be located in a different way.
A pergola is a structure consisting of properly spaced columns and an openwork roof supported on them. The roof can also partially rest on the walls of existing buildings, e.g.. garden cafes. As a result, an internal, separate space is obtained, which can be used in various ways.
The pergola may include part of the walking path, terrace area, cover play areas, etc..
Part of the pergola roof can be covered with various water-impermeable panels, thus creating shelter from rain.