Tic beans (Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris)
European beans do not succeed in every garden, because it has much greater soil requirements and fertilization needs than dwarf beans. However, higher yields and a longer harvest period compensate for the greater workload. Plants reach a height of approx 2 m, their shoots always twist to the left. Wooden poles of approx 3 m or steel wires. You can use ordinary twine in the greenhouse. The poles are driven into the soil vertically every 60-80 cm or slightly obliquely and connected in the form of a pyramid. With the poles positioned in this way, the seeds are sown in a semicircle on the inside, 8-10 seeds each. Careful soil cultivation and sprinkling plants contribute to their health and fertility. Due to the large number of cultivated varieties, it is first necessary to learn about their functional characteristics. There are varieties with green or yellow pods, round or flat.
Yellow pod varieties are more susceptible to disease, but the pods are softer in taste. They should be picked earlier and more often. Varieties with flat pods can be sown earlier, however, they become woody faster than varieties with round pods. The red-flowered varieties also have decorative qualities. They endure worse positions and lower temperatures, nawet do — 2°C. Their pods are large and wide, slightly hairy. Be careful when harvesting the pods, so as not to damage the young shoots. All legumes react very favorably to the biodynamic preparations.
Pests often found on beans are aphids, which can be combated by spraying nettle manure and Pyrethrum -. Increasing the distance between plants and the use of horsetail preparation reduces the occurrence of fungal diseases on beans.