Radish and radish (Raphanus sativus var. niger, R. sativs var. sativus)
Radish is one of the oldest cultivated plants. It was the food of the workers who built the Egyptian pyramids. Salads made from it are not only delicious, but also very healthy. It contains valuable mustard oil, the amount of which depends on the method of growing and irrigating the plants. Radish requires fertile soil, plump, humus-rich. On too heavy soils, the ridge is distorted, and on dry ones - searing to the taste. For the poor, In barren soils, the radish is quickly knocked out into flower shoots. It fails with fresh manure; it is best to cultivate it in the second year after manure. Sometimes it is necessary to additionally fertilize with multi-component garden fertilizer. Radish can be grown as a plant before- and aftercrop, and also in the greenhouse. Laws in the greenhouse begin in January, in the field, in March. Summer radish is sown from April to July, and in autumn — from July to mid-August. The rows are spaced 20-25 cm apart, and plants in a row of 8-12 cm. The cultivation period is 6-8 weeks. It is advisable to sow summer radish successively, to ensure a continuous harvest. The care is simple and consists in regularly loosening the soil and watering the plants abundantly. Winter radish is dug up once, necessarily before autumn frosts and sinks in the sand, in the basement at a temperature of 0-2 ° C. This way it can be stored for approx 3 months. Radish has many things in common with radish. There is a large selection of varieties that differ in taste, the appearance and length of the growing season. The edible portion of the radish can be bright red and spherical or white, cylindrical. Radish roots shallowly, requires fertile soil and a sunny position. Uście develops more strongly in a shaded place than the dining area, and on weak and dry soils, the plants will break out into flower shoots. Fresh organic fertilizer should not be used under the radish. It is the best plant to grow before, po- and catch crops. The cultivation period is 5–6 weeks in spring, summer only 4 weeks. The cultivation can start in February, finish in September. Very early sowings are heavily attacked by earth fleas, that can be fought against Pyrethrum, but then beneficial insects are also scared away. Therefore, in February, it is better to sow a radish in a cold inspection. It is not worth sowing seeds in high summer, as most plants then bind small and unpalatable lumps and form inflorescences prematurely.
Only on well-cultivated and regular soil, With abundant watering, you will get delicate and firm radishes.
The distance of the rows in the inspection is 10 cm, in a field of 10-20 cm, in a row of 5 - 8 cm. A radish that grows too densely creates small lumps. Under favorable conditions, cultivation of radishes is simple and does not cause much trouble.