Broad bean (Vicia faba)
Broad beans are relatively rare in our gardens. It can be sown in late February or early March, because it tolerates the temperature down to - 3 ° C. It can also be grown as a forecrop in frames and then planted in a permanent place. When sowing, the row spacing should be 40-50 cm, in rows 10 cm, seedlings are planted in a row every 30 cm. Frequent loosening and sprinkling fosters plant growth. Pods break off, when the beans are still green and soft. Today, broad beans are not as widely consumed vegetables as they used to be. Due to its high nutritional value, however, it is still a valuable feed for pets.
Pea (Pisum sativum)
It has lower soil requirements than beans. It grows very well in light, humus and calcium-rich soils. There are many varieties of peas, which can be divided into consumed fresh (sugar and scale) or dry (sugar and scale, with smooth and wrinkled seeds). In the case of sugar varieties, the whole fleshy pods are eaten, before the grains reach their normal size.
Scale varieties are less sensitive to late spring frosts. Accordingly, they can be sown from early March to April. Low varieties can be grown without supports, tall varieties, on the other hand, require constant support, e.g.. wire mesh. The net is set on the leeward side, then the wind presses the plants against the mesh. The row spacing is 30— 40 cm. In the rows, the distance between the plants should be 3-5 cm or 5-6 cm for nesting. Sprinkling plants and watering them abundantly before flowering promote good seed setting. A permanent harvest of fresh pods is possible, if we repeat the sowing at intervals of 10-14 days.
The pest of peas - coneflower pod - does not pose a threat provided that the correct rotation and selection of coordinates. Birds can do more damage, especially pigeons. If there is such a threat, the seeds should be placed at a depth of approx 5 cm, and cover the surface of the soil with branches. Pea, as a legume plant, not only improves the soil structure and increases its nitrogen content, but is also a good pre-, po- and catch crop.