Crucifix family

Crucifix family (Cruciferae)

Crucifix family (Cruciferae) covers approx 1500 species; some of them are difficult to distinguish even for the best specialists. We meet representatives of this family in every garden and they are not only troublesome weeds, like ognicha or tasznik, but also e.g.. plants used as green manure (mustard, common radish), and above all, numerous vegetables, which we eat all year round.

Cruciferous plants are characterized by vigorous growth and the ability to produce large amounts of seeds. Calculated, that one plant of the common grasshopper can produce approx 64000 seeds. The abundance of species allows the breeding of many new varieties. Various parts of the cultivated plants in this family are edible. The edible part of radishes and radishes is in the soil, in turnips, the edible part of the root is just above the surface, while kohlrabi has thickened, the edible part of the shoot is completely above the soil surface. The edible part of the deep or fodder cabbage is the fleshy part of the stem, in kale they are leaves. The buds in the leaf axils of Brussels sprouts turn into small ones, edible heads. In headed cabbages, a large mass of leaves on a shortened shoot forms a compact and large head. In such a breakdown, the cauliflower should be replaced at the end, whose dining area, called a rose, arises from branched, thickened and shortened inflorescence shoots. The so-called. rose is also the edible part of broccoli. One should also mention an ornamental plant - common lake, whose decorative flowers are characterized by an intense fragrance and beautiful colors.