What to do in hot and dry periods?
The most important task is to prevent water loss from the soil. Loosen the soil surface shallowly and as rarely as possible. It is advisable to mulch the soil between the rows of plants. Attention should be paid to creating a favorable microclimate in the garden. If the soil is fairly dry, it should not be blowing from the top yet, so you should try to soften the gusts of dryness, cold, east wind. If it is not protected by a hedge or wall, you can sow corn, sunflowers or other fast-growing cover plants. In the spring, we alternate biodynamic preparations according to the previously mentioned rules. We have to keep strong and continuous, rather than abrupt plant growth. If plant growth is inhibited, which often happens on cold May days, you need to spray the soil surface with nettle slurry twice a week. We prepare it in advance, so that we do not run out of it. In addition, it is also possible to alternate between the slurry made of horn shavings.
Pay close attention to insect pests. Information on the use of infusions of wormwood and tansy will be very useful here, because they are excellent repellants for most insects. Nettle extract should not be missing, because it destroys aphids in their early stages of development. If the insects and their larvae have already multiplied strongly, Algomin can be used to dust the mastered plants, and when that is not enough, Pyrethrum can be used. Very often, after a humid and warm April, a cool and dry May comes. The valerian preparation prevents frost damage. Carrying out nursing work, which are the main factor of uninterrupted plant growth, do not forget to sow the plants for green manure. These will be primarily clovers, as well as white mustard and a mix of legumes. Mowed before full flowering, these plants are an excellent material for mulching the soil surface, which greatly increases its fertility.
Usually in spring we use up our entire stock of compost. The remnants of old compost must be used in the garden, and then prepare the site and collect the appropriate materials to set up new compost piles. The time finally comes, when to spray the plants with a silica preparation. All vegetables are sprayed with it, on which fruit buds appear, like for example. tomatoes and cucumbers. This accelerates the ripening of the fruit and improves its quality, aroma and durability.
In the flower beds, from which a crop has already been harvested, and which is preparing for the cultivation of new plants, you have to spread the compost, at a dose of one bucket per 4 —5 m2, or an organic fertilizer mixture, in dose 60 – 100 g na 1 m2. The beds can also be fertilized with plant slurry or bird manure and horn meal. This fertilizer must first be dissolved in water. On 100 liters of water are needed approx 6 kg of fertilizer. This solution is fermented for fourteen days and, after diluting it tenfold, it can be sprayed on the soil surface.. Understandable, that in spring we pay the most attention to the proper growth of plants, and by the way, we enjoy their flowering. Spulchnianie, mulching the soil surface, sowing legume seeds reminds us, that important life processes are taking place in the soil at this time of the year.