To learn more about how to set up and care for a lawn, it's worth getting acquainted with its history. The first larger lawns were established in England. However, very early descriptions of lawns come from the European continent. Albert Magnus (1193—1280) described the benefits of a lawn, which surrounded a garden with medicinal herbs in a medieval monastery. Lay people and clergymen walked or rested in the gardens, enjoying the sight of a colorful flower bed growing in the middle of a green lawn. Even then, the contrast was appreciated, which was formed by low grass with tall flowers. Later Bocaccio (1330—1374) described a "bowling green", that is, lawns intended for playing various games and tournaments. As in the Middle Ages, the first lawns were created? The first lawns were ordinary pastures, trampled and fertilized by grazing sheep. This is still the case today in acidic mountain pastures, consisting of narrow-leaved grasses with a small admixture of weeds.
Later, in flat areas, lawns were laid out of square patches of turf, called "squares". This method of establishing lawns has survived for several centuries. They were cut out, and then transported to the desired place. This way of setting up lawns is still called "turfing". For many centuries, this method was passed down from father to son. It was very popular, although often only coincidence determined the results. It was not until the 18th century that the first lawns were established in England and on the mainland by sowing seeds of wild fescue and burrows.. Only the seeds of low grasses were used to prepare the mixtures. Typically forage grasses were not sown, and the lawns were mowed with a short scythe.
Research on grasses for establishing lawns began in 1895 r. in the United States at Olcott Turf Gardens, Connecticut. Various species of fescue and broom were recommended as the most useful, followed by meadow panicles (Poa pratensis) and its most valuable lawn variety 'Merion', widespread all over the world.
Remembering the history of the lawn, an important invention cannot be omitted, which fundamentally changed the methods of establishing and maintaining lawns. It was a lawn mower. W 1830 r. Englishman Edwin Budding invented the drum mower (cylindrical). About 1900 r. the first petrol mower was constructed. Since the invention of the mower, which cuts the grass like a shear, lawns can be mowed accurately and without much hassle. The easiest and most accurate way to mow grass is with petrol lawn mowers, which are now in common use.
Shortly before the Second World War, a petrol rotary mower was developed, which only mows at very high speed. The mowing accuracy is inferior to that of a cylinder mower, but it can also mow tall grass. In principle, the quality of its mowing is considered to be sufficient. A fairly expensive cylinder mower is still widely used for maintaining golf lawns, at sports stadiums, as well as on the so-called. luxury English lawns.