Garden pond, part 1

Garden pond

In a properly established garden, there is harmony of life processes. The task of every gardener is to maintain it with the appropriate selection of plants and treatments that allow maintaining a balance between elements of nature: lights, air and water. Due to the intensive development of agriculture and industry, without adequate environmental protection, water deficit is increasing more and more. Water has long been a factor in agriculture and horticulture, who has always received the most attention. Water tanks, ponds and lakes, in which fish are still kept today, they were permanent elements of the landscape. In the past, water flowed slowly through meadows and meadows and was influenced by light and heat. Rich flora and fauna flourished in such water.

Few gardeners have the opportunity to establish their garden by a river or a stream, On the other hand, the pond attracts more and more interest, which can be set up in the garden, especially, that it does not take up much space. A few square meters are enough for this, and in a small wall, an old linen boiler or a bathtub will suffice. Before planning the garden, it is worth designating a permanent place for a small pond. It should be strongly sunlit, for only then will plants and animals have good conditions for development. The sides of the larger pond should be flat, and its depth was at least 80 cm. It is relatively easy to make a suitable recess. You do not need to brick or concret the bottom or the edges, appropriate plastic containers or lining the excavation with waterproof foil are sufficient. The shape of the recess can be any.

Aquatic plants like a slightly acidic environment. They can be put in the water in baskets or containers, or better placed directly in the bottom of the tank. The layer of soil at the bottom of the water reservoir should be at least 20 cm and consist of a peat mixture, clay and well-decomposed cattle manure or compost in equal proportions. If necessary, it can be enriched with organic fertilizer mixtures. To do this, you make walnut-sized balls of clay and organic fertilizer and press them into the ground, in which water plants grow. After planting the plants, the soil is covered with a 2-3 cm thick layer of sand or gravel, to prevent washout of the substrate.

Water is poured slowly into the tank with planted plants, so as not to damage the soil layer, gradually over several days, until it reaches the appropriate level. By filling in this way, we let the water heat up, and the leaves of the water lily constantly remain on the surface. The water does not change later anymore, it only replenishes as it decreases.